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Áine O’Brien unpacks the intentions of Who Are We?


‘Refugees Welcome’ will be parked outside the Tate Switch building on Thursday 16 – Sunday 19 March


Co-Director of Counterpoints Arts, (a company engaging with refugee and migrant experiences through arts and cultural programmes) Áine O’Brien writes about their latest project Who Are We?, coming to Tate Modern (14-19 March).


In the nightmare of the dark/All the dogs of Europe bark/And the 

living nations wait/ Each sequestered in its hate  

W.H. Auden In Memory of W.B. Yeats (1940


We citizens should pay attention to the artists and push back against politicians who are trying to hold us back into 19th Century fantasies about who “we” are. 

Francois Crépeau, Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants 


Who Are We? runs at Tate Exchange from 14 –19 March 2017. It began as an experiment of sorts, with several Tate Exchange associates, including Counterpoints Arts, The Open University, University of Warwick and Loughborough coming together to form a collaborative, arts-led platform. More recently, the project has been made richer through contributions from Universal Design Studio and Graphic Thought Facility.

With twenty-two artists contributing, Who Are We? has evolved into a heady mix of creative, cultural and political perspectives, reflecting a shared passion for staging conversations about rights, identity, migration, global displacement and citizenship - in a popular context particularly coloured by Brexit.

Artists include Alia Syed, Alketa Xhafa Mripa, Ania Bas & Season Butler, Antti Tenetz, Behjat Omer Abdulla, Bern O’Donoghue, Dawid Górny, Elena Boukouvala, Knut Bry, Eva Sajovic, Gil Mualem-Doron, JC Niala, Juan delGado, Jillian Edelstein, Laura Malacart, Laura Sorvala, Lucia Scazzocchio, Natasha Davis, Nele Vos, Richard De-Domenici.

Attuned to the challenge posed by Tate Exchange, Who Are We? is designed to evoke and provoke lively discussions and co-productions - to create something new from an arguably exhausted language of politics and public policy.

To this end, Who Are We? asks what it means to belong – across and within borders. In a moment of global movement, connection and dis-connection, we ask: who are we? Who gets to decide? Art as a vehicle for social change, when loosely bandied about remains an empty slogan. Who Are We? is instead interested in critically navigating the tensions between art, activism, audiences, advocacy and academia, seeing how and where social change might happen across these institutional divides.

Take ‘Refugees Welcome’ by Alketa Xhafa Mripa, who is traveling around the UK with a Luton tail lift van to engage people in everyday conversations about ‘welcome’. There’s both a gentility and steeliness to this work, and its simplicity is deceiving. Alketa performs her memories of being warmly welcomed as a refugee from Kosovo in the late 1990s as a prompt for conversations. Is this performance, agitprop, site-specific installation or activism? Alketa embraces all these labels and more. ‘Refugees Welcome’ is fueled by what playwright Eve Ensler, calls ‘artivism’ – ‘the ingredients of activism…charged with the wild creations of art’. Somewhat romantically put, yet Ensler is on to something: ‘artivism’, she says, is ‘where [the] edges are pushed, imagination is freed, and a new language emerges altogether’ (The New York Times, 2017). 

Likewise, Gil-Mualem Doron’s ‘New Union Flag’ project has all the hallmarks of ‘artivism’. Gil is a virtuoso of ‘participatory’ engagement, positioning a re-imagined Union Jack at the centre of a series of happenings beyond the gallery, in public rallies, community settings, DIY Diversity Flag school workshops, and online networks invoking virtual communities. The alternative New Union Flag is mostly composed of textiles from shops and neighbourhoods echoing the everyday ‘superdiversity’ in which many city dwellers live.

Re-created with fabric designs from all over the world, the New Union Flag transforms the traditional Union Jack from an archetype of uniformity – to a dynamic and celebrated on-going performance of diversity. For Who are We? (and with memories of Paul Gilroy’s 1984 There Ain’t No Black in the Union Jack), Gil plans to take his social engagement work to the next level, using a petition to parliament to stage public discussions about the constitution of the official flag. He will launch this call during the Tate Exchange programme.

Gil will be running a schools workshop as part of the ‘New Union Flag’

Many of the artists use multifaceted titles to describe their practice, such as Bern O’Donoghue’s biography as ‘Artist, Educator and Facilitator’. Bern’s Dead Reckoning is hugely affective, with hundreds of miniature origami boats representing the lives of the missing migrants lost en route to Europe. The small objects strewn across the gallery floor in the form of a participatory installation promise to make a bold and considered public gesture. Like Alketa and Gil, Bern engages visitors on site, inviting them into the process of making the artwork: each tiny boat transforms the abstract statistics and data into something embodied and human. The co-production of this work is dependent on encounters facilitated by the artist asking questions, exchanging stories, dispelling myths – literally bringing the media and policy narratives into shared ground through urgent solidarity. Bern: It is in the small and the simple where human scale may be found, where one mind is changed, and we begin to change the world.

Bern will be running a schools workshop as part of ‘Dead Reckoning’

In comparison and at first glance, Behjat Omer Abdulla’s ‘From a Distance’ series seems conventional. One of the few gallery hangs at Who Are We?, comprising large detailed graphite drawings that are profoundly moving, in their symbolic yet subtle marking of a specific tragedy involving a migrant mother and her twin children en route from Syria to Europe. In much of Behjat’s work there is a sense of political, personal urgency in the very act of physical ‘portrayal’. It is the painstakingly labour intensive and slow iteration in pencil, which makes this work so devastatingly moving. This is a memorial for unsettling times.

Behjat’s residency at Tate Exchange is supported by the Swedish Embassy London; he will be running a series of participatory workshops focusing on the politics of portraiture, displacement and identity throughout the week.

Equally provocative and defiantly un-classifiable is Richard DeDomenici’s ‘Shed your Fears’, first conceived at a Counterpoints Arts’ Arts and Social Change retreat at Dartington Hall in October 2016. We’re looking forward to seeing this very first iteration at Who Are We? with a prop designed – in collaboration with the artist – by Universal Design Studio. For Richard, ‘Shed your Fears’ is: A non-denominational, non-hierarchical booth, into which two people from different backgrounds get to confess their fears to each other. In the context of recent socio-political upheavals, participants would be encouraged to share their innermost fears. And by sharing them hopefully shedding and transcending them. If it goes well, they could also be encouraged to share hope and dreams. As a non-financial micro-incentive free tea and biscuits will be provided through a slot in the wall. 

Who Are We? is jam-packed with light installations, site specific work, live art, learning labs, screenings, workshops and seminars, all designed to encourage open debate and dialogue across separate silos and sectors. Amongst others, we’re collaborating with The Stuart Hall Foundation on a public seminar, which in many ways points to the very heart of the mission of the Tate, asking ‘how contemporary art institutions shape our sense of identity and belonging at a time of political and social turbulence’. This is a question on all our lips and will be central to Who Are We? at Tate Exchange. Counterpoints Arts plans to take several of the installations at Who Are We? (along with others) on the road across the UK in 2017/2018, in what we’re calling place-based ‘cooperative commissions’. Each commission will reflect a ‘cooperative’ approach and a commitment to co-producing art in local places, ensuring that many voices and imaginations are involved in the shaping of the work.

By Áine O'Brien

For details on the full programme see the Who Are We? project website. 

To book tickets for special events, go to Tate Exchange

For more on Counterpoints Arts see

Join the conversation: @WhoAreWe_2017 on Twitter and @WhoAreWe_2017 on Instagram

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